Instabright International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research <p>Instabright International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research is an open-access peer-reviewed international scholarly journal focusing on the fields of Education, Humanities, Social Sciences, Medicine, Science, Engineering, Tourism, Hospitality and Management, Linguistics, Information and Communication Technology, Business and others.</p> <p><br />This journal aims to provide wider access to new researches in various disciplines of study to better understand the culture, education, social relations, business flows, tourism status, languages around the world, information technology and even paramedical information that would definitely make a brighter changes to the world.</p> <p>IIJMR is envisioned to promote innovative ideas through scholarly articles to be published. It is freely accessible for everyone around the world, thus it will be of significant use to all researchers out there.</p> en-US (Alvin B. Punongbayan, PhD, PDSTML) (Muhammad Sohail) Sun, 13 Mar 2022 07:04:54 +0000 OJS 60 Improving Reading and Writing of Grade-I Through Self-Made Filipino Reading Module <p>This study examined the improvement of reading and writing of Grade-I pupils of San Vicente Elementary School, Magsaysay-I, Division of Misamis Oriental through the Self-Made Filipino Reading Module for the school-year 2020-2021. Descriptive method of research was employed in this study using the EGRA assessment tool and peer interview. Mean and standard deviation were the statistical tool used to treat the data. The findings revealed that the Self-Made Filipino Reading Module <em>highly improved </em>the reading skills in terms of letter name knowledge, letter sound knowledge, initial sound discrimination, familiar word reading and non-word reading. Which means that most of the pupils performed the assessed indicator without mistake. While oral reading fluency passage and oral reading comprehension is <em>improved</em>. This means that most of the pupils performed the assessed indicator with slight mistake. Moreover, in the writing skill of the pupils, it was revealed that the ability to spell, follow spacing and direction of text and capitalization is improved. Which means that most of the pupils performed the assessed indicator with slight mistake.</p> Richel J. Sayson Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 15 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Effectiveness of Pandemic Activated School Strategies (Pass) on Submission Compliance Rate of Selected Grade 10 Learners <p>This research examined the effectiveness of Pandemic Activated School Strategies (PASS) on the submission compliance rate of selected Grade 10 learners. The two strategies embedded in PASS are Power of 2 and Individualized Project Message 853 (TLE), which are both initiatives for and by TLE/TVL Department. The PASS intervention was implemented from the start of 3<sup>rd</sup> quarter to 4<sup>th</sup> quarter of SY2020-2021 to a designated experimental group. The research revealed that there was a significant increase in the submission compliance rate of learners from the experimental group when PASS intervention was implemented in 3<sup>rd</sup> and 4<sup>th</sup> quarter. From a low of 8.70% and 21.74% out of 46 learners in 1<sup>st</sup> and 2<sup>nd</sup> quarter respectively, noticeably there was a huge improvement in 3<sup>rd</sup> quarter with 84.78% submission compliance rate or 39 out of 46 learners were submitting complete activity outputs. Consequently, the performance rating of each learner also made progress as submission compliance rate improved. When PASS was implemented in 3<sup>rd</sup> quarter, the computed average grade increased to 88. The t-test p-value of 0.0154 in 3<sup>rd</sup> quarter and 0.00002 in 4<sup>th</sup> quarter indicated that the performance rating of the experimental group is statistically higher than that of the controlled group. The results acquired from the research indicated that Pandemic Activated School Strategies (PASS) was effective in improving the submission compliance rate of selected Grade 10 learners. Moreover, this shows that assessment and feedback with remediation are vital to the learning process in this time of pandemic.</p> Melanie A. Borjal, Elmer G. Samarita Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 15 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Learning Activities for Modular Distance Learning in Dr. Francisco L. Calingasan Memorial Colleges Foundation Inc. Tuy and Nasugbu Campuses <p>In the era of globalization and internationalization, the school is at the forefront of meeting the challenges of the 21<sup>st</sup> century education. Innovations abound, millions of information are made available in the worldwide web and new ways of management practices and learning have emerged (Dayagbil, 2016). Distance learning is a learning delivery modality which occurs when the teacher and learners are geographically remote from each other. Modular Distance Learning (MDL) is a type of distance learning that uses modules to transfer learning to the students. (Llego, 2020). The education system has immensely transformed from traditional way of learning into a more diverse one which can cope with the fast-changing&nbsp;&nbsp; world.&nbsp;&nbsp; It&nbsp;&nbsp; can now address the different skills of the 21<sup>st</sup> century learners. The integration of different learning modalities into the curriculum makes it more accessible for everyone. In the Philippines, the Department of Education widens learners’ access to quality education through the Alternative Delivery Mode. Based on Republic Act 10618 or an Act Establishing Rural Farm Schools as Alternative Delivery Mode of Secondary Education and Appropriating Funds of 2013, the Alternative Delivery Mode may include the use of facilitator - aided and interactive self - instructional print and audio - based learning materials, video tapes, face - to - face structured learning groups, demonstration sessions, home visits, mentoring and remediation. This implies that aside from the formal education in which students are confined in the classrooms, there are ways to reach out to learners especially if they are incapable of attending regular class days. To further address the accessibility of education for the Filipino learners, the Philippines reaffirmed its global commitment to bring benefits of education to “every citizen to every society” and developed the National Plan of Action to Achieve Education for All which also aimed to achieve an improved quality of basic education for every Filipino. It includes reforms in the&nbsp;&nbsp; curriculum&nbsp;&nbsp; and introduced the Alternative Delivery Modes that promote access&nbsp;&nbsp; and&nbsp;&nbsp; holding&nbsp;&nbsp; power&nbsp;&nbsp; of&nbsp;&nbsp; school through the implementation of the Project EASE (Effective Alternative Secondary Education) to complement the existing formal education to make secondary education more accessible to students in disadvantaged situations. Learning is facilitated through the use of modules as instructional materials during the period when students are out of the classroom. Truly, the Philippine government together with the Department of Education continuously strive to provide and improve the quality of education for every Filipino to meet the demands of the global community. Even during these trying times as we face the COVID-19 pandemic, the department yield ways to adapt to the new normal by launching various distance learning modalities for the school year 2020-2021. This is to ensure that the pandemic will not hinder learning but also to secure the health of every stakeholder in the learning process. Based on the survey results from the Learner Enrolment and Survey Forms distributed by the schools nationwide, both private and public, the parents as well as the learners’ preferred modular distance learning than online distance learning. The 8.8 million parents opted for modular learning while&nbsp;&nbsp; only&nbsp;&nbsp; 3.8 million chose online learning. On the other hand, 7.2 million enrolees preferred modular distance learning while only 2 million enrolees opted for online distance learning. (Malipol, 2020). It is for this that this study was thought of. It attempts to assess the utilization of Modular Distance Learning Strategies of Teachers in Dr. Francisco L. Calingasan Memorial Colleges Foundation Inc. Tuy and Nasugbu Campuses during the academic year 2020 - 2021.</p> Princess Lea Paula D. Villaveza Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 15 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Learning Styles and Brain Hemisphericity: Determinants of English Academic Performance <p>The preparation for global workplace significantly identifies the necessity of developing Filipinos’ competency in using English language in both oral and written communication. However, the two- year study conducted by Hopkins International emphasized the declining proficiency and competency of Filipinos in using the English language. This concerning dilemma could be brought by the irrelevant teaching strategies used in handling students with diverse needs and preferences inside the English classroom. With the end view of aligning instruction to students’ learning preference, the study analyzed the learning styles and brain hemisphericity of students and their relationship with students’ academic performance in English. In order to see the relationship among the aforementioned variables, the researcher utilized descriptive method. Also, the researcher administered survey questionnaire to gather necessary data on learning styles and brain hemisphere dominance among seventy (70) BA Communication students in Batangas State University Lipa. The study revealed that most of student-respondents are visual and left brain learners. Also, it found out that students with kinesthetic learning styles performed very satisfactorily; thus, validating that there is a significant relationship between students’ learning styles and academic performance in English. However, brain hemisphere dominance was seen to be independent to students’ competence in English language.</p> Jayson Davalos Pentinio Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 15 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Training Design on Distance Learning Approach for Secondary School Teachers in English <p>This study primarily aimed to propose a training design to intensify distance learning approach for all teachers in English based on the identified low level of instructional competence and readiness on the implementation of the said approach. This study used descriptive-correlational design. Data were gathered from all 71 English teachers in the Division of Laoag City during the SY 2020-2021. A survey questionnaire was administered with the use of google forms to determine the demographic profile, level of instructional competence, level of readiness on distance learning approach, level of proficiency in ICT and the problems encountered during the implementation of distance learning approach. Based on the study, the researcher found that most teachers in English belong to age ranging from 24-31, female, single, and only two finished doctoral degree. Furthermore, teachers in English have a Satisfactory level of instructional competence on the three types of distance learning namely online distance learning, modular distance learning and tv/radio-based instruction. In addition, Moderately Ready is the overall level of readiness of teachers on distance learning approach. There is a significant relationship between age and sex in the level of instructional competence along tv/radio-based instruction. Moreover, there is a strong significant relationship between the instructional competence of teachers and the level of readiness on the implementation of distance learning approach.</p> Julianne Grace B. Bugaoisan Copyright (c) 2022 Julianne Grace B. Bugaoisan Tue, 15 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Modular Distance Learning: The Problem and Its Background <p>Modular Distance Learning involves individualized instruction that allows learners to use self-learning modules (SLMs) in print or digital format/electronic copy, whichever is applicable in the context of the learner, and other learning resources like Learner’s Materials, textbooks, activity sheets, study guides and other study materials. Learners access electronic copies of learning materials on a computer, tablet PC, or smartphone. CDs, DVDs, USB storage and computer-based applications can all be used to deliver e-learning materials, including offline E-books. The teacher takes the responsibility of monitoring the progress of the learners. The learners may ask assistance from the teacher via e-mail, telephone, text message/instant messaging. Where possible, the teacher shall do home visits to learners needing remediation or assistance. Any member of the family or other stakeholder in the community needs to serve as para-teachers.</p> Diosdora L. Rodriguez Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 15 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Macro Skills in English of Grade 11 Senior High School in Balayan, Batangas: A Guided Learning Activities <p>English instruction should not be limited to the four corners of the classroom only it may be held inside and outside the campus, where maximum learning takes place. Students must be exposed to a lot of activities which will allow them to experience by themselves and understand the concepts that they need to learn especially in improving their macro skills. This study was a descriptive method research which was conducted to determine the way of improving the macro skills to increase the English performance of students. The following are the results of the study: Many of the respondents utilize in this study belong to 15 and 16 age range and equal number of male and female, belonged to 5000 and below family income and have 75 to 79 grade in English in the first grading. The respondents agree that the development of macro skills in their English performance. The respondents agree on the challenges they experienced on developing macro skills increase their English performance. There is no significant difference on developing macro skills in their English performance when profile is considered, however there was a significant difference in term of family background and grade in English in the first grading. There is no significant difference in the challenges on developing macro skills in their English performance when profile is considered, however there is a significant difference in grade in English in the first grading. There is a significant relationship on developing macro skills in their English performance and the challenges experienced by the respondents. The guided learning activities are made by the researcher to develop more the macro skills of the students.</p> Elsie C. Mapalad, Andro M. Bautista Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 15 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Group Dynamics Strategy in Teaching Araling Panlipunan in Calaca District <p>The main objective of this study was to determine the extent of utilizing group dynamics as an effective strategy in teaching Araling Panlipunan. The respondents of the study were the entire three hundred twenty (320) teachers of the above-mentioned district. The data gathering instrument used in this study was the questionnaire which was composed of assessment checklist. The data gathered were tabulated, analyzed and interpreted using Frequency Counts and Percentage, Weighted Mean, Standard Deviation and coefficient of correlation. The results of the study were as follows: the respondents utilized the group dynamics as an effective strategy in teaching ‘to a great extent’ in terms of concept mapping, group discussion, dramatization, problem-solving, peer-tutoring, role playing/assimilation group reporting, project making, tableau interpretation and topic analysis. They were also assessed ‘to a Great Extent’ that includes the attitudes of the pupils affected by the group dynamics strategies in terms of cognitive, affective, behavioral and social. The challenges met by the teachers was done by using group dynamics as strategy in teaching Araling Panlipunan were also assessed “to a great extent’. There was significant relationship between group dynamic strategies employed and the extent of pupils attitude. There was also significant relationship between group dynamics strategies employed and the challenges experienced on it. There is a significant relationship between the extent of the pupils attitude and the challenges experienced on it.</p> Luisita C. Hernandez, Andro M. Bautista Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 15 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Level of Satisfaction of the Regular Employees of the Department of Tourism Region – 4a with their Benefits <p>Receiving good benefits is a way of showing that the amount of dedication put to work is being rewarded. Government employees are definitely not excluded into receiving these benefits. The researcher together with the help of the Administration Unit of the Department of Tourism-Region IV-A determined the benefits that they are receiving. These are leaves, retirement, loans, healthcare, and monetary bonuses. This study aims to find out the level of satisfaction of the regular employees from the Department of Tourism-region 4A with their benefits. This study distributed 19 questionnaires and gathered 19 respondents from the regional office of the Department of Tourism-Region 4A in the City of Calamba, Laguna. The study used descriptive method of research to illustrate the level of satisfaction of the regular employees from the Department of Tourism-region 4A with their given benefits The data were statistically treated using percentage, weighted mean, and chi- square. Based on the findings of the research study, it was established that the regular employees of the Department of Tourism-Region 4A were satisfied with such benefits, leaves, loans, retirement, and monetary bonuses. While healthcare received was not well perceived. Further, the independent variable of the study does not significantly affect is the level of satisfaction of DOT-Region 4A regular employees with the benefits they are receiving. In this light, the implementation of the following recommendations shall enhance the level of satisfaction of these government employees. The concerned government agencies such as the Civil Service Commission and the Department of Budget and Management to review and assess the current incentive schemes provided to regular government employees. Also, for the Department of Tourism to establish an organization within the agency, to raise and discuss concerns of regular employees in terms of job security and betterment of their working conditions.</p> Benedicto Jr Cartano Landicho Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 15 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0000